Your State Law Determines Legality and Your Local Address Defines the Rules
Right next to voters choosing expanded legalization, cultivating cannabis commercially and for personal use is on the upswing across the country. Here are the resources to help find what regulations apply if you plan to grow.
Learn the current rules and regulations specific to your location before investing time and money on a grow project.
The legality of possessing, consuming, or cultivating marijuana in the U.S. depends on where you live or do business and can vary widely from location to location. Lacking any federal legalization or national standards, and despite a bill to legalize cannabis approved by the House in 2020, hope for prompt legislative approval for the bill from the Senate is dimming. Cannabis consumers are obviously affected in the marketplace, but with constant changes likely at every level of government despite inaction from the fed, growers of any size, or type need to be attentive to current laws and restrictions specific to their location for compliancy and to avoid legal repercussions that can be costly.
Commercial growers in jurisdictions where it is legal to cultivate cannabis have different requirements for licenses or permits; again, determined by locale. For example, two growers in the same county might have different license requirements if one is at a rural location and the other is in a business district. Specifications usually include garden, or room size, plant quantities, allowable pesticide uses, security requirements and enforcement inspections. Zoning and agricultural use definitions often determine additional restrictions.
In most places where cultivation is legal, part of the licensing or permitting process for commercial cannabis growers includes public notice or disclosure. Make certain you are prepared for your neighbors knowing what you grow at the very least, and likelier, public meetings with questions and sometimes, objections to your plans.
An often-overlooked resource for assistance as a grower is your local agricultural commissioner or extension agent; many have guidelines for cannabis cultivation if it is allowed in your area.
Home growers of marijuana typically are not subject to inspections, but residential ordinances, and zoning rules apply. Additionally, most allowable home grows must maintain indoor or outdoor areas according to regulations that usually include maximum canopy size or plant quantity limits. Marijuana grown for medical use with required documentation is often distinguished in rules with added considerations like more allowable plants in cultivation.
Many areas that allow private cultivation of cannabis at home, for medical or recreational use, also restrict visibility from the street or other properties, require odor controls, etc. To be certain, familiarize yourself with state and county regulations, but check local laws, or ordinances for specific rules that may apply to your address.
For additional information about cannabis laws, rules, and regulations, click your State from the list below. Although the laws pertaining to cannabis are always subject to changes, the links offer portals to state laws and resources available to help cannabis businesses, growers, and consumers stay current and navigate the rules.
(The map, links and resources are provided for information purposes only, and subject to change. Accuracy and expressed views at the links are without endorsement or verification by Fertile Pages.)